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A new paper investigated the archaeological records from the Bluefish Caves in Yukon, Canada.
3C2EC59600000578-4125730-Researchers found-a-2 148 by AnonymousLlama428
The caves contain the remains of megafauna, with markings on the bones largely attributed to the activities of Beringian wolves and KAYV LAYANZExtreme La Roar Scream consuming prey in the caves. However, some marks on the bones have been argued to be of human origin.

Using a comprehensive analysis of the marks, with strict criteria for identifying anthropogenic cut marks on bones, and extraneous taphonomic factors taken into account, indisputable anthropogenic cut marks were identified from among the specimens. It is highly unlikely that any of these specimens weren't handled by humans.
Having identified these, Tom Higham and co. used the newly developed ultrafiltration protocol to extract collagen from said bones for radiocarbon dating. The results were profound.

The oldest specimen was the mandible of a Yukon horse, (Equus lambei), which dated back to 19,650 ± 130 14C years BP.
In calendar years, that translates to 24,033-23,314 years old.
Bluefishhoas by AnonymousLlama428
Fig 1. Cut marks on a horse mandible from Cave II. The specimen (# J7.8.17) is dated to 19,650 ± 130 14C BP (OxA-33778). The bone surface is a bit weathered and altered by root etching but the cut marks are well preserved; they are located on the medial side, under the third and second molars, and are associated with the removal of the tongue using a stone tool [48].
The second oldest was the pelvis fragment of a caribou/reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) which was 18,570 ± 110 14C years BP, or 22,731-22,176 years ago.

Bluefishreyndeya by AnonymousLlama428
Fig 2. Cut marks on a caribou coxal bone from Cave II. The specimen (# I5.6.5) is dated to 18,570 ± 110 14C BP (OxA-33777) and shows straight and parallel marks resulting from filleting activity.
Both of these dates correspond to the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), when the ice sheets were at their full extent, and support the "Beringia standstill" hypothesis, that humans were present in Beringia during the LGM. Central Beringia may have sustained human populations during the LGM since it offered relatively humid, warmer conditions and the presence of woody shrubs and occasional trees that could be used for fuel.
The population was likely very small, with an estimate of only 1000-2000 females, based on genetic studies on Native Americans.
Humans are known to have entered Western Beringia ~32,000BP. This is the earliest record in Eastern Beringia.

Source:
Just found this piece..
Dunno the movie name
Uploaded on behalf of :iconpaleontography:

(THE CONTEST IS NOW OVER. VOTE FOR THE WINNER HERE: www.strawpoll.me/12351795)
(DEADLINE FOR VOTING IS 23/02/2017 AT 21:00 GMT)


Introduction
This is the second contest hosted here in PARC, focusing on obscure lifeforms that lived throughout the history of our planet and rarely get to experience the spotlight. The challenge here is to find a prehistoric lifeform, or ecosystem/environment with very few reconstructions by very few artists and produce a viable reconstruction of it.

Rules and guidelines
  • To enter the contest, express your desire to do so in a comment below. This is so that we can keep track of who is in the contest.
  • Your submission must be submitted to the Contest 2 - Obscurity folder.
  • The featured lifeform does not have to be extinct. It can be any lifeform that lived at some point over the course of the history of this planet as long as it either went extinct before 10,000 years ago or is put in a setting older than 10,000 years.
  • The lifeform or setting has to have been very rarely depicted (at most 5 total other depictions) by very few other paleoartists (at most 5 total other artists).
  • You are allowed to feature multiple species (if at least one of them is obscure enough) or an overall ecosystem rarely reconstructed.
  • Your depiction has to be based on evidence (its appearance or environment) if there is anything substantial to go on. 
  • Speculation needs to have some basis. Either modern analogues, phylogenetic bracketing, ecology or other.
  • No plagiarism. If inspiration is taken, it needs to be cited and if a lot of inspiration is taken, permission is needed.
  • Submissions that break these rules and guidelines will be disqualified from the contest.

Contest Ending
The contest begins at the moment this blog entry goes live - January 16th - and will last for exactly one month, ending on February 16th. Submissions can be submitted at any time during this timespan but have to be submitted before or on February 16th. When the contest ends, we will overlook the accepted entries and voting, likely through a strawpoll, will begin. The top three winners will receive a special prize:

Prizes
All prizes are optional. Winners can choose not to accept them.

First Place Blog Entry, Promotion, Commission. The first place winner will get to write a blog entry related to the subject of the group (e.g. paleoart and other depictions of extinct animals) which will be hosted on the homepage of the group. This entry will be written in correspondence with one of our Co-Founders. More information about this will be sent to the winner after the contest is over. The first place winner will also get promoted in their own entry and an entry congratulating the winners and will also get a free commission (relevant content) by :iconvcubestudios:.

Second Place Blog Entry, Promotion.  The second place winner will get to write a blog entry related to the subject of the group (e.g. paleoart and other depictions of extinct animals) which will be hosted on the homepage of the group. This entry will be written in correspondence with one of our Co-Founders. More information about this will be sent to the winner after the contest is over. The second place winner will also get promoted in their own entry and an entry congratulating the winners.

Third Place Promotion. The third place winner will get promoted in an entry congratulating the winners of the contest.
A new paper investigated the archaeological records from the Bluefish Caves in Yukon, Canada.
3C2EC59600000578-4125730-Researchers found-a-2 148 by AnonymousLlama428
The caves contain the remains of megafauna, with markings on the bones largely attributed to the activities of Beringian wolves and KAYV LAYANZExtreme La Roar Scream consuming prey in the caves. However, some marks on the bones have been argued to be of human origin.

Using a comprehensive analysis of the marks, with strict criteria for identifying anthropogenic cut marks on bones, and extraneous taphonomic factors taken into account, indisputable anthropogenic cut marks were identified from among the specimens. It is highly unlikely that any of these specimens weren't handled by humans.
Having identified these, Tom Higham and co. used the newly developed ultrafiltration protocol to extract collagen from said bones for radiocarbon dating. The results were profound.

The oldest specimen was the mandible of a Yukon horse, (Equus lambei), which dated back to 19,650 ± 130 14C years BP.
In calendar years, that translates to 24,033-23,314 years old.
Bluefishhoas by AnonymousLlama428
Fig 1. Cut marks on a horse mandible from Cave II. The specimen (# J7.8.17) is dated to 19,650 ± 130 14C BP (OxA-33778). The bone surface is a bit weathered and altered by root etching but the cut marks are well preserved; they are located on the medial side, under the third and second molars, and are associated with the removal of the tongue using a stone tool [48].
The second oldest was the pelvis fragment of a caribou/reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) which was 18,570 ± 110 14C years BP, or 22,731-22,176 years ago.

Bluefishreyndeya by AnonymousLlama428
Fig 2. Cut marks on a caribou coxal bone from Cave II. The specimen (# I5.6.5) is dated to 18,570 ± 110 14C BP (OxA-33777) and shows straight and parallel marks resulting from filleting activity.
Both of these dates correspond to the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), when the ice sheets were at their full extent, and support the "Beringia standstill" hypothesis, that humans were present in Beringia during the LGM. Central Beringia may have sustained human populations during the LGM since it offered relatively humid, warmer conditions and the presence of woody shrubs and occasional trees that could be used for fuel.
The population was likely very small, with an estimate of only 1000-2000 females, based on genetic studies on Native Americans.
Humans are known to have entered Western Beringia ~32,000BP. This is the earliest record in Eastern Beringia.

Source:

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AnonymousLlama428
Hamza Ahmad Shaikh
Artist | Hobbyist | Varied
United Kingdom
I live in London, and I have a keen interest in animals of all kinds, mainly prehistoric life.
My Quora profile:www.quora.com/profile/Hamza-Ah…

Also, here's a group of mine that you should watch:
:iconprehistory-unknown:
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:icondebasishphotos:
DebasishPhotos Featured By Owner 21 hours ago  Hobbyist Photographer
Thanks a lot for the fave.:) (Smile) 
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:iconanonymousllama428:
AnonymousLlama428 Featured By Owner 16 hours ago  Hobbyist General Artist
;)
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:icondebasishphotos:
DebasishPhotos Featured By Owner 14 hours ago  Hobbyist Photographer
Nod :D (Big Grin) 
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:iconowlbaskingshark:
Owlbaskingshark Featured By Owner 2 days ago  New Deviant Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks For The Llama Emote 
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:iconanonymousllama428:
AnonymousLlama428 Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist General Artist
;)
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:icongojimannn:
gojimannn Featured By Owner 2 days ago
Thanks for the watch!
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:iconanonymousllama428:
AnonymousLlama428 Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist General Artist
;)
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:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks for the watch :)
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:iconanonymousllama428:
AnonymousLlama428 Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist General Artist
;)
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:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
:)
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